NFO: New Fund Offer of Mutual Funds
NFO or New Fund Offer is very much unknown to many people. Investors, who are interested to invest in mutual funds should know about NFOs. The mutual launches its new fund in the new fund offer as a public issue. The units of the fund are offered at a discounted rate during the issue. The NFO is very similar to IPO and NCD issue. This post discusses NFOs in detail.
What is NFO?
NFO or New Fund offer is a scheme of fund houses or investment companies. When an investment company or a fund house set to release a new mutual fund, it first offers this mutual fund for subscription by the general public at a discounted price before listing. The price of a mutual fund is termed as Net Asset Value (NAV) of one unit. This subscription remains open for a limited period of time and available at a discounted price. Usually, this discounted price is Rs 10 per unit but it varies from offer to offer.
NFO is similar to Initial Public Offering (IPO) of equity share of a company. They both are offered for the subscription before listing. Companies or fund houses do this for fund-raising for further operations. They generally use this raised money to purchase securities like equity shares, bonds etc. The NFO usually gains significantly after its listing.
What are the Types of NFO?
There are two types of NFOs:-
- Open-Ended: In this type of NFO, an unlimited number of shares can be bought on its launching day. It can be traded with a stock-broker because they are not traded on an exchange. The NAV of these funds is updated after the closing of the market. One can exit at any time from this scheme as they do not have any fixed tenure. Most of the mutual funds are open-ended.
- Closed-Ended: One can buy a limited number of shares for a fixed duration. They are traded on an exchange and its NAV is updated throughout the trading day.
What are the Features of NFOs?
NFOs have the following important features:-
- Fund House: The investment company which is launching the mutual fund.
- Fund Objectives: Allocation of its assets.
- Theme: Equity, or Debt, or Hybrid, Tax related schemes.
- Return: Expected rate of return from the investment.
- Asset Allocation Scheme: Where the scheme will invest its assets.
- Investment Strategies: Various types of strategies are followed to invest the asset.
- Minimum Subscription Amount: Every NFO has a minimum subscription amount. It may range from 500 to 5000.
- Entry and Exit Load: Charges to enter the scheme and to exit from the scheme.
- Investment Horizon: SIP, Lump-Sum, Lock-In period.
What is the NFO Process?
The following steps are followed in a new fund offer:-
- The company (Asset Management Company) prepares the scheme to launch in the primary market. It prepares all the documents related to the scheme.
- The offer documents are approved by the trustees and board of directors of the company.
- The company files offer documents with SEBI.
- The company decides the offer dates and period of the period and starts advertising and promoting the offer.
How to Invest in NFO?
To invest in NFOs, you may follow the following two ways:-
- Contact a registered investment adviser.
- Read the related document of the fund house carefully and follow the steps.
Recent NFOs (New Fund Offers) in India
Following are the recently launched new fund offers in India:-
Tags: #NFO #Mutual Fund #IPO #Investment #New Fund Offer